In fiction, girls pretend to be male by dressing like boys. But would it really work?

I used to love the idea of disguising a girl as a boy. Then I saw an episode of Cadfael that made me wonder if it would ever work. In “One Corpse Too Many” (S1:E1), I recognized a robed figure as a female just from the way she walked. While the body was completely covered and the hood was up, I knew the figure for a girl. And it was a girl disguised as a boy, supposedly fooling everyone around her, except of course for Cadfael.

Juliette Canton as Godric (Godith in disguise) from One Corpse Too Many. With her hood down, she’s even less convincing.

The girl disguised as a boy trope is common enough, especially in romance, fantasy, and historical literature. There are plenty of books and movies that use this device. Even Shakespeare includes women in disguise in several of his plays. The image of the supposed boy pulling off her cap to let her hair fall around her shoulders to the surprise of whomever she is talking to has become a movie cliche. Could this work in real life?

Even Tolkien’s done it, although admittedly with more flare than most.

A good friend, when told by her brother that he intended to have his heroine wear pants to disguise her sex, said quite wisely, “I wear jeans all the time and no one has ever mistaken me for a boy.” At the same time, my sister, who used to have a buzz cut, often got mistaken for a male, especially by older people. As soon as she spoke to the person, they saw their mistake, but their initial “read” of her, as a thin, short-haired person, was of a boy.

Apparently, the expectations of the audience plays an important part in the success of such a deception. There’s even a psychological phenomenon that might help with this: motivated perception. Studies show that what people believe they see is affected by their expectations. In other words, they will see what they want to see if it matters enough. For people with strong assumptions about gender and dress and a desire for things around them to fit the norm, they might see a boy when confronted with a girl dressed like one.

Armor = Male? If it matters to you.

If this is the case, how did I know the figure in the hood was a girl? Seeing a monk’s habit, I should have expected a boy. But we live in a time when the lines between genders are blurred and the cues that used to be clear cut have evaporated.

I realized this the other day, when my 8-year-old nephew has asked us how to tell boys from girls. All the signs I used at his age no longer work. He knows boys with long hair and girls with short hair. Names like Skyler belong to boys and girls. Girls wear superhero t-shirts and boys wear pink. In the end, there’s only one way to get it right: ask.

I’ve heard it argued that the reason Shakespeare got away with his disguised girls was because all the actors on the Elizabethan stage were male. A boy playing a girl dressed as a boy could easily pull off the role. But having thought about it more and weighed the evidence, I think his audience’s assumptions were important, too. They relied on dress as a cue to gender, and used it automatically, making a girl disguised as a boy a plausible trick.

What do you think? Can a girl dressed as a boy fool viewers? Or is this trope rarely feasible? Do you love it or hate it?

6 thoughts on “Girls Disguised as Boys: Could it Work?”

  1. The female-disguised-as-male trope is not one I like, but for the record it actually has worked many times throughout history. There are many reports of “male” soldiers who were discovered to be female when killed in battle, and there was even a female pope. I think in today’s society it would be more likely to work than it would have forty or fifty years ago when gender identity was more distinct. And an interesting little side note…the color scheme of blue for boys and pink for girls is turned around from how it actually began. Originally pink was designated for little boys.

    1. I have been told that there were historic cases of women living as men as sailors and such, but I’ve never read about them myself. And I think you are right: it would be much easier to pull off today. I did not know the pink/blue thing, though. Where did you hear that? And when was it the other way around?

      1. Thanks so much for this! I also do tons of research for my books, but as I haven’t tried to disguise a girl as a boy yet, I haven’t done my research on women who lived as men in the past.

      2. I think it would be more about stance, attitude and gait.
        Growing up in France the 80’s, I remember being often scolded because i walked and ran ‘like a boy’, and was too boisterous (boy-sterous?). I also noticed that girls were to mince their steps, mind their manners, help around, but no boys were subjected to such training, which seemed unfair to me.
        It’s so ingrained, enforced even, that later, teen boys often make fun of teen girls because they ‘run like girls’, meaning, in an effective way. There was even a recent commercial ( that spotted that.

      3. This is definitely a big part of it. How much is due to social expectations (“Good girls don’t sit like that”)? I’ve also since seen interesting videos on people completely missing things right in front of them that makes me think our brains could help in the deception.

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