NOTE: The following discussion is about The Lord of the Rings books, not the movies. I’m concerned with what Tolkien intended, not what Peter Jackson and his friends decided to do with the story.
When J.R.R. Tolkien wrote about Middle Earth, he was trying to write “a mythology for England.” His story is a like an epic poem or Norse saga and treats heroic characters like Aragorn and Faramir accordingly. They are portrayed as ethical, strong, and brave, ready to sacrifice themselves if they have to, with little doubt about what they must do. But perfect warriors and leaders can be hard to relate to. So why do we love The Lord of the Rings? The answer is hobbits.
Whether he thought about it consciously or not, one of Tolkien’s best ideas was to include hobbits in his tale. While I love the Ents (talking trees), the Rohirrim (horse-loving warriors), and even the elves (aesthetic immortals), the hobbits are my favorite creatures in the books, because I can relate to them. They are small and weak. They love food and comfort. They don’t know how to use a sword or what kind of danger they are up against. They are afraid and they make a ton of mistakes.
My favorite hobbit is Pippin — the youngest, silliest, and most clueless of the bunch. He screws up repeatedly. He gives away their location to the enemies twice, once by throwing a stone down the well in the mines of Moria and another time by stealing the palantir and looking into it. I’m pretty sure if I were a hobbit on a ring-destroying adventure, I would make exactly those kind of mistakes. So I feel for him, and that’s the genius of the hobbits.
The hobbits are our door into a heroic world that might otherwise be incomprehensible to us. The very creatures I admired above (Ents, Rohirrim, elves) are hard for me to relate to directly. But through hobbit eyes and hearts, I can see them and understand them a little better. They are more real to me than they would have been if Tolkien had chosen Aragorn to carry the ring to Mordor.
The hobbits aren’t just a gateway for the reader into the story, but also someone we can root for. Tolkien made Frodo the ring-bearer, and gave the little people a strength to combat evil that even the strongest heroes in the book lack. (Gandalf refuses the ring out of fear when Frodo asks him to take it.) The reader experiences Middle Earth through the hobbits and defeats evil with them. The biggest hero in the whole book is Frodo, who sacrifices his own happiness to destroy the ring and save the Shire along with the rest of Middle Earth.
In The Fellowship of the Ring, Frodo asks “Why did it come to me? Why was I chosen?”
Gandalf answers: “You may be sure that it was not for any merit that others do not possess: not for power or wisdom, at any rate. But you have been chosen, and you must therefore use such strength and heart and wits as you have.”
Frodo protests he has little of these things, but the books prove him wrong. He is strong and smart, and he accomplishes his task: to destroy the ring, but also to pull the reader deep into an epic story.
Do you love hobbits? Why or why not?
2 thoughts on “Why Tolkien Needs Hobbits to Tell His Story”
I love the hobbits for the same reasons you do. My heart aches for them when they got back to the shire and had to deal with the scourge. Their lives were forever altered, and I imagine they felt isolated from the other hobbits. I don’t blame Frodo at all for leaving.
Btw, I enjoy the movies but the changes made to Faramir and Theoden, etc, really bother me.
It’s horrible what the hobbits go home to. And while Galadriel’s gift helps heal the Shire, we all know it was never really the same.
Like you, I love *parts* of the movies. I can’t stand what they did to Faramir (he was one of my favorites), but I feel like they nailed Eowyn. And I have to say there is one place where the movies are better than the books: the end of Fellowship, when Aragorn and the hobbits actually get a chance to make a decision to let Frodo go before he’s gone. There’s a nice sense of closure (which they probably felt was needed for the movie) that I wish was in the book. I have an edited version of the movies in my head, where I enjoy the parts I think they really did well, and I ignore the parts I don’t like. That’s not odd is it? 😉